Glossary

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Anxiety

A vague uncomfortable feeling experienced but whose cause is unknown.

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Autistic children

Children diagnosed with disorder of living in their own imaginary world having lost touch with reality.

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Biochemical imbalance

A loss of balance in the chemical substances found in the brain cells, causing hallucinations, delusions which puts the person.

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Body language

Non-verbal expression of feelings through one's body postures, movements, facial expressions, gestures etc.

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Caregiver

Anyone who undertakes caring and supporting of a person with mental/nervous disorder.

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Chest pressure

Feeling of heaviness in chest area.

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Compulsion

An uncontrollable urge to perform some action or behaviour.

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Coping technique

Any effort aimed at dealing effectively with the demanding situation arising from mental/emotional disturbance.

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Delusion

Another symptom of mental disorder wherein a strongly held belief cannot be convinced to be changed.

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Depression

Prolonged low feeling and mood associated with worrying, a form of mental disorder, requiring medication and/or counselling.

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Ekalavya

A character from the Indian epic, Mahabharata, who is considered a role model of self-help. This name was adopted by SAA for its support groups for shubhankars and shubharthis.

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Empathy

Being able to imaginatively experience what another person is going through, without feeling pity.

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Endorsement

Encouraging, complimenting.

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Escapist

A person who runs away or avoids facing a difficult situation or from trouble-some thoughts.

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Facilitator

A trained person in a support group who ensures supportive environment prevails, making everyone feel a part of the peer group and open to sharing one's challenges and experiences.

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Hallucinations

When a person with mental disorder sees/hears/senses things which others don't. It is one of the main symptoms in the clinical diagnosis of schizophrenia.

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Holistic approach

An all-encompassing (360 degree), all-round, open-minded approach.

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Hypertension

A physical disorder in whish blood-pressure remains abnormally high.

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Isolation

Withdrawing or excluding oneself from the family or society, preferring to remain alone.

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Lethargy

Feeling lack of will or interest to do anything which is caused psychologically or due to side-effects of medication

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Manifestation

Making appearance, coming into being of symptoms etc.

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Nervous symptom

Nervous symptom

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Non-judgmental environment

A place where persons accept each other for what they are, without passing any judgment. A supportive, empathetic atmosphere.

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Numbness

Loss of any kind of sensation or emotions.

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Obsession

Unavoidable thought or idea which torments a person as he cannot get rid of it despite trying.

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Palpitation

Heart beating unusually fast on account of psychological or physiological cause.

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Phobia

Irrational fear about certain thing which a person is unable to overcome. The fear is mostly associated with nervous symptoms.

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Prerogative

A privilege or right reserved exclusively based on one's rank, stature, etc.

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Psychiatrist

A specialist doctor who treats persons with mental/nervous disorders.

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Psychologist

A professional with a degree in psychology and who provides counselling and other mental health related services.

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Relapse

Recurrence of illness.

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SAAthi

A volunteer from the SAA family. Word of Indian origin, meaning a friend-in-need, a person who nurtures fellowship.

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Self-esteem

Sense of self-worth, rating oneself up and feeling better.

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Shortness of breath

Inability to breathe easily and comfortably.

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SHSG

Self-Help Support Group, a group of the persons, for the persons and by the persons with a common challenge or issue, comes together for mutual support.

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Shubhankar

A Sanskrit term used in SAA circles to refer to a caregiver - literal meaning: a person who is dedicated to other (shubharthi's) welfare.

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Shubharthi

A Sanskrit term used in SAA circle to refer to a person with mental/nervous disorder - literal meaning: seeker of well-being.

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Socialization

Interaction with other persons, mingling in the community.

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Spotting

A technique of recalling, at the time of a disturbing event, the tools devised by Dr Low for being able to cope with it.

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Stigma

A sense of disgrace, shame or guilt owing to diagnosis of mental disorder and/or attitude or action of others.

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Stress

A feeling that one is unable to meet the demands made by the situation, anxiety or insecurity.

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Trauma

A highly disturbing/distressing event that, at times, requires professional help for relief.

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Trivial issue

Minor matters of no consequence and therefore worth ignoring.

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